Building from a policy brief by Ilaria Aversa (University of Greenwich) and Mariana Gkliati (Leiden University, University of Leiden), this section of the Observatory provides a resource on actions and investigations launched regarding Frontex since November 2020.
Frontex, the European Border and Coast Guard Agency, is currently under heavy scrutiny from multiple angles, including the European Parliament, the EU Ombudsman, and the European Anti-Fraud Office. At the same time judicial action has been initiated vis-à-vis the agency.
This unprecedented activation of accountability mechanisms has been sparked by allegations of the complicity of the agency in push-backs at the Greek-Turkish border, supported by evidence published by a consortium of media outlets in November 2020, including the German magazine Der Spiegel, the broadcaster ARD and Bellingcat.
This section of the Observatory aims to give a bird’s eye’s view of the recent investigations of Frontex.
Purpose: Investigation on alleged Human Rights violations in the Aegean Sea Operations
Purpose: Investigation into alleged misconduct, and allegations of migrant pushbacks.
Purpose: Investigation on Frontex dealing with a request for public access to documents regarding tracking data of Frontex vessels.
Purpose: How the European Border and Coast Guard (Frontex) dealt with multiple requests for public access to documents concerning contracts with private companies
Purpose: Investigation on Frontex failure to maintain a public register of documents and other issues related to public access to documents.
Purpose: Investigation how Frontex deals with requests for public access to documents
Purpose: Investigation on the failure of Frontex to reply to an administrative complaint
Purpose: Investigation of the functioning of the European Border and Coast Guard Agency's (Frontex) Complaints Mechanism for alleged breaches of fundamental rights
Purpose: Strategic inquiry on how Frontex complies with its obligations and ensures accountability in relation to its new enhanced responsibilities under Regulation (EU) 2019/1896
Court: Court of Justice of the European Union
Communication to the Office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court - SJAC
Purpose: Initial four-month enquiry on the respect by Frontex of human rights in operations in the Aegean.
Court: International Criminal Court
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