Legal basis

Frontex was established by EU Regulation 2004/2007. As the importance and the involvement of the Agency grew, limits to the initial mandate were identified, including too heavy a reliance on Member States' technical contributions and the need for stronger human rights safeguards, especially with respect to operations at sea. Regulation 2004/2007 was therefore amended first by Regulation 863/2007 and then by Regulation 1168/2011.

Frontex's legal basis was updated once more with Regulation (EU) 2016/1624, re-launching the agency as the European Border and Coast Guard Agency (EBCGA). In 2019 the regulation was recast and the agency is now governed by Regulation (EU) 2019/1896.

07 December 2023

Frontex working groups

Frontex rules on the creation and functioning of internal working groups, and a chart of working groups as of early October 2023.

22 October 2013

Legal establishment of the European Border Surveillance System (EUROSUR): Regulation 1052/2013

Quite some time after the European Border Surveillance System was put into use, legislation was approved to regulate its operations.

22 November 2011

Amending the 2007 legislation: Regulation 1168/2011

In 2011, Frontex's founding legislation was amended to include greater powers regarding joint operations, technical equipment, risk analysis and research and development.


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