Africa-Frontex Intelligence Community: participating agencies named

The state agencies participating in the Africa-Frontex Intelligence Community (AFIC) have been named in a response to a European parliamentary question. Thirty African states are currently participating in the AFIC. The response also says that "Risk Analysis Cells", of which eight have been set up in African states with the assistance of Frontex, are "the backbone" of the AFIC.


The question was submitted on 1 June by Özlem Demirel (of the parliamentary group The Left) and asked:

  1. What countries are currently participating in the AFIC, and what plans or arrangements are there for enlargement?
  2. What specific authorities from the participating countries are involved in the AFIC, and how does this relate to the planned accessions of Mauritania, Côte d’Ivoire, Guinea and Togo?
  3. Which of those authorities are intelligence services or police or gendarmerie forces with powers similar to those of intelligence services?

Risk Analysis Cells (RACs)

According to the answer, Frontex has recently enlarged AFIC, with new Risk Analysis Cells (RAC) set up in Côte d’Ivoire, Guinea and Togo, and discussions now focussing on Mauritania. The first RAC was launched in Niamey, Niger, in 2018.

RACs are "embedded in the organisational structure of their respective border management authorities", according to the answer, but equipment, training, capacity building and the setting up of integrated border management systems (i.e. ensuring interoperability between EU and West African databases) are provided by Frontex.

Last year, the AFIC online information exchange system was upgraded to facilitate instantaneous communication between RAC and Frontex analysts.

Host Country Hosting authority
Nigeria Nigeria Immigration Service
The Gambia The Gambia Immigration Department
Niger Direction de la Surveillance du Territoire (DST)
Ghana Ghana Immigration Service
Senegal Direction Générale de la Police Nationale (DGPN) - Direction de la Police de l’Air et des Frontières (DPAF)
Ivory Coast Direction de la Surveillance du Territoire (DST)
Togo Direction Centrale du Renseignement Intérieur (DCRI)
Mauritania Direction de la Police de l’Air et des Frontières (DPAF)

Intelligence

Frontex's reply insists that while it "is not in a position to fully asses which of those law enforcement authorities have powers similar to those of intelligence services", the information shared with authorities in AFIC "is limited to statistical data, use cases, description of modi operandi from border security/border management/risk analysis perspective; and does not contain any personal data."

An invitation to an AFIC workshop in 2017 described AFIC participants as "commonly part of intelligence or analytical unit(s) of the invited countries' border security and control authorities".

Frontex has also provided training to partner agencies in AFIC. In 2017, the Commission allocated €4 million under the Instrument Contributing to Stability and Peace to the three-year "Strengthening of the Africa Frontex Intelligence Community" project, which ran meetings, field visits, trainings, joint analytical work, and support for Risk Analysis Cells, with a focus on reducing facilitated illegal migration “and other types of cross-border crime”.

Participating states and agencies

Benin  Direction Générale de la Police Républicaine
Benin  Agence Béninoise de Gestion Intégrée des Espaces Frontaliers (ABeGIEF)
Chad  Police Nationale
Cabo Verde  National Police - Foreign and Border Management
Cameroun  Ministère des Relations Extérieures du Cameroun
Cameroun  Police Camerounaise
Côte d'Ivoire  Direction de la Surveillance du Territoire (DST)
DRC  Direction Générale de Migration
Egypt  Ministry of Defense
Gambia  Gambia Immigration Department
Ghana  Ghana Immigration Service/ Intelligence Division
Guinee Conakry  Direction Centrale de la Police aux Frontières
Guinee Conakry  Ministère de la Sécurité et de la Protection Civile / DCPAF
Guinea-Bissau  Ministry of Interior and Public Order
Kenya  Border Security
Mali  Direction de la Police aux Frontières
Morocco  Direction Générale de la Sûreté Nationale (DGSN)
Mauritania  Gendarmerie Nationale
Niger  Direction de la Surveillance du Territoire
Niger  Police Nationale
Nigeria  Nigeria Immigration Service, Kano Zonal Command
Nigeria  National Agency for the Prohibition of Trafficking in Persons (NAPTIP)
Nigeria  Nigeria Immigration Service
Nigeria  EU Delegation Nigeria
Mali  Ministère de la Sécurité et de la Protection Civile/Direction Générale de la Police Nationale/Direction de la Police aux Frontières
Mali  Gendarmerie 3
Mauritania  Gendarmerie Nationale
Somalia  Ministry of Internal Security
Somalia  Security Department
Senegal  Direction Générale de la Police Nationale (DGPN), Direction de la Police de l’Air et des Frontières (DPAF), Division Nationale de Lutte Contre le Trafic de Migrants et Pratiques Assimilées (DNLT), Centre de Monitoring et de Profiling
Sierra Leone  National Early Warning and Response Mechanism Centre
South Sudan  Public relations
South Sudan  Immigrations
Sudan  MoI Sudan Police HQ Passports and Immigration Directorate
Togo  Direction Centrale du Renseignement Intérieur (DCRI)
Togo  Direction Générale de la Documentation Nationale (DGDN)

Documentation

Further reading


Image: Africa-Frontex Intelligence Community 2014 report

 

Spotted an error? If you've spotted a problem with this page, just click once to let us know.

Report error