Exernal operations and cooperation

11 March 2021

Briefing: External action: Frontex operations outside the EU

The EU has negotiated five agreements with states in the Balkans that allow Frontex operations on their territories, and most of the agreements have now been approved by both sides. This briefing looks at the main provisions of those agreements, highlights key differences and similarities, and argues that they will likely serve as a template for future deals with states that do not border the EU, as made possible by the 2019 Regulation governing Frontex.

02 March 2021

Libya: Interceptions of people fleeing by sea increase as EU border mission seeks two-year extension

The EU Border Assistance Mission in Libya (EUBAM Libya) wants to continue its support for the Libyan coast guard agencies that intercepted almost 3,000 more people at sea in 2020 than in 2019, according to a document obtained by Statewatch.

15 October 2020

EU: Frontex on cooperation with Libya: nothing to see here

Two recent Amnesty International reports have highlighted the role played by EU institutions, agencies and member states in facilitating 'pull-backs' by the Libyan Coast Guard (LCG). Amnesty argues that collaboration with the LCG in this way violates international law. In a response to Amnesty, Frontex has avoided any meaningful engagement with the issues raised.

25 September 2020

Frontex: Report on cooperation with third countries in 2019

The report gives an overview of Frontex's engagement with non-EU states during 2019 on issues such as surveillance, risk analysis and training. It was circulated to the European Commission, Council of the EU and European Parliament in June 2019.

23 July 2020

Montenegro: Frontex launches second operation on non-EU territory

Frontex has launched its second executive operation in a state outside the EU, deploying officers in Montenegro on 15 July.

11 March 2020

EU: Border externalisation: Agreements on Frontex operations in Serbia and Montenegro heading for parliamentary approval

On 29 January the civil liberties committee of the European Parliament (LIBE) approved the conclusion of status agreements on the actions on the European Border and Coast Guard Agency (Frontex) on the territory of two neighbouring non-EU states - Serbia and Montenegro.

09 July 2018

Balkans: Minister says "there will be no refugee camps in Bosnia"; Frontex to receive powers to intervene in Albania

The Bosnian Security Minister has reportedly said that "there will be no refugee camps in Bosnia" following a sharp increase in people arriving in the country and hoping to travel onwards to the EU. Meanwhile, the EU is close to finalising an agreement with Albania that would allow the border agency Frontex to intervene on Albanian territory for the purposes of border control and return operations.

30 April 2017

Deploying armed Frontex teams on the 'Balkan Route': agreements with Serbia and Macedonia on the way

Will the deployment of armed European Border and Coast Guard teams in Serbia and Macedonia - with immunity from the civil and criminal law of those countries - improve the chances for protecting the fundamental rights of migrants and refugees, or legitimise the violence and abuse that is currently taking place?

19 March 2017

2017 Analysis: Frontex cooperation with non-EU states

A detailed overview of agreements between the EU's border agency, Frontex, and non-EU states.

27 January 2011

JOINT STAFF WORKING PAPER Implementation of the European Neighbourhood Policy in 2010 Country report: Lebanon

Cover Note from Secretary-General of the European Commission, signed by Mr Jordi AYET PUIGARNAU, Director, to Mr Pierre de BOISSIEU, Secretary-General of the Council of the European Union (EU doc. no. SEC (2011) 637 final)

25 January 2011

Tightening links between the external and internal aspects of EU security

Note from Presidency to Standing Committee on operational cooperation on internal security (COSI)

13 January 2009

Cyprus, Greece, Italy and Malta: call for more cooperation with third countries

"The Ministers of the Interior of Cyprus, Greece, Italy and Malta have embarked on a common initiative with a view to raise awareness and recommend action in an EU context related to the challenges posed by illegal migration and asylum. Furthermore, they have also highlighted other issues of common interest, convinced that security in the Mediterranean region is directly linked to the security of the European Union as a whole."


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