25 March 2021
More than 60 human rights and journalism organisations (including Statewatch) have signed an open letter to MEPs calling on them to vote against the proposed Regulation on addressing the dissemination of terrorist content online, which includes measures that would seriously undermine freedom of expression and opinion, freedom to access information, right to privacy and the rule of law.
The letter points out three key problems with the proposed Regulation:
Anyone who wishes to contact their own MEP about the proposed Regulation can find their representative here.
The full-text of the letter is below, or here as a PDF. It is also available here in German, French, Italian, Polish, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish and Dutch.
25 March 2021
Dear Member of the European Parliament,
on addressing the dissemination of terrorist content online. We urge the Members of the European Parliament to vote against the adoption of the proposal.
Since 2018, we, the undersigned human rights organisations, journalists associations and researchers, have been warning against the serious threats to fundamental rights and freedoms in this legislative proposal, especially for freedom of expression and opinion, freedom to access information, right to privacy and the rule of law.
Thanks to the work of the European Parliament’s negotiations team, an extended debate and the involvement of civil society, a number of problematic issues of the proposal have been addressed during the trilogues between the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union.
However, despite the outcome of the last trilogue negotiation, the final text of the proposed Regulation still contains dangerous measures that will ultimately weaken the protection of fundamental rights in the EU. It also has the potential to set a dangerous precedent for online content regulation worldwide.
The proposed Regulation is headed for a final vote in the plenary of the European Parliament in April 2021. We urge the Members of the European Parliament to vote against the adoption of the proposal for the following reasons:
1. The proposal continues to incentivise online platforms to use automated content moderation tools, such as upload filters
The short timeframe that the proposal imposes on providers to remove content considered terrorist strongly incentivises platforms to deploy automated content moderation tools in order to delete terrorist content, such as upload filters. Current content moderation practices are characterised by a profound lack of transparency and accuracy of automated decision making. Because it is impossible for automated tools to consistently differentiate activism, counter-speech, and satire about terrorism from content considered terrorism itself, increased automation will ultimately result in the removal of legal content like news content and content about discriminatory treatment of minorities and underrepresented groups. Platforms already remove massive quantities of content documenting violence in war zones, uploaded by survivors, civilians, or journalists, as tracked by the Syrian and Yemeni Archives, which can hinder accountability efforts. The proposed Regulation, which lacks safeguards to prevent such practices when automated tools are in use, will only reinforce that trend. Upload filters may additionally have an adverse effect on the Internet, especially with regards to its open architecture and interoperable building blocks.
2. There is a severe lack of independent judicial oversight
The proposal calls on Member States to designate at their discretion “national competent authorities” that are vested with the powers to implement the Regulation’s measures, notably the issuance of removal orders. While the proposal states that these authorities must be objective, non-discriminatory, and rights-respecting, we nevertheless believe that only courts or independent administrative authorities subject to judicial review should have a mandate to issue removal orders. The lack of judicial oversight is a severe risk to freedom of expression, assembly, association, religion and access to information. It also subverts the Charter of Fundamental Rights, which protects the freedom to receive and impart information and says that lawful expression is protected and should only be limited subsequently, by a court and upon legitimate request.
3. Member States will issue cross-border removal orders without any checks
According to the outcome of the trilogue, any competent authority will have the power to order the deletion of online content, hosted anywhere in the EU within one hour. This means that one Member State can extend its enforcement jurisdiction beyond its territory without prior judicial review and consideration for the rights of individuals in the affected jurisdictions. In light of the serious threats to the rule of law in certain EU Member States, the mutual trust that underpins the European judicial cooperation might be seriously undermined. Furthermore, the procedure of minimal notification to and verification by the affected state foreseen in the current text does not contain sufficient safeguards against state overreach and abuse of power, and it won’t solve disagreements among Member States over what constitutes terrorism, irony, art, or journalistic reporting.
We urge the European Parliament to reject this proposal, as it poses serious threats to freedom of expression and opinion, freedom to access information, the right to privacy, and the rule of law. Moreover, it will set a dangerous precedent for any future EU legislation regulating the digital ecosystem by distorting the law enforcement framework under the pretext of strengthening the Digital Single Market. Therefore, the proposed Regulation on addressing the dissemination of terrorist content online as it stands now has no place in EU law.
• Access Now, International
• Amnesty International
• Antigone, Italian
• ARTICLE 19, International
• Asociația pentru Tehnologie și Internet (ApTI), Romania
• Association of European Journalists (AEJ), Belgium
• Bits of Freedom, the Netherlands
• Bulgarian Helsinki Committee, Bulgaria
• Centre for Democracy & Technology (CDT), International
• Chaos Computer Club (CCC), Germany
• Civil Liberties Union for Europe (Liberties), International
• Comité de Vigilance en matière de Lutte contre le Terrorisme (Comité T), Belgium
• Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ), International
• Communia, International
• Digitalcourage, Germany
• Digitale Gesellschaft, Germany
• Digital Rights Ireland, Ireland
• Državljan D, Slovenia
• Electronic Frontier Finland (Effi), Finland
• Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF), USA
• Elektroniks Forpost Norge (EFN), Norway
• Entropia e.V., Germany
• epicenter.works, Austria
• European Digital Rights (EDRi), International
• European Federation of Journalists (EFJ), International
• Fitug e.V., Germany
• Föreningen för digitala fri- och rättigheter (DFRI), Sweden
• Freemuse, International
• Global Forum for Media Development (GFMD), International
• Global Voices, International
• Helsinki Foundation for Human Rights, Poland
• Hermes Center, Italy
• Homo Digitalis, Greece
• Human Rights Monitoring Institute, Lithuania
• Human Rights Watch, International
• International Commission of Jurists, International
• Internationale Liga für Menschenrechte, Germany
• International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH), International
• Internet Governance Project, School of Public Policy at the Georgia Institute of Technology
• Internet Society, International
• IT Political Association of Denmark (IT-Pol), Denmark
• Irish Council for Civil Liberties, Ireland
• La Quadrature Du Net (LQDN), France
• Latvian Human Rights Committee, Latvia
• Liga voor de Rechten van de Mens, the Netherlands
• Liga voor Mensenrechten, Belgium
• Ligue des Droits de l’Homme, France
• Ligue des Droit Humains, Belgium
• Mnemonic, International
• Open Technology Institute, USA
• Panoptykon Foundation, Poland
• Ranking Digital Rights, USA
• Reporters Without Borders (RSF), International
• Rights International Spain, Spain
• Statewatch, the United Kingdom
• Vrijschrift.org, The Netherlands
• Wikimedia Deutschland, Germany
• Wikimedia France, France
• WITNESS, International
• Xnet, Spain
• 7amleh - The Arab Center for the Advancement of Social Media, Palestine
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