This report is available in PDF format here.

Author: Chris Jones.

Additional research: Yurema Pallarés Pla.

Thanks to Tony Bunyan, Sean Burke, Yasha Maccanico, Antonella Napolitano, Alyna Smith and Frances Webber.

Image credits:

This report was produced as part of the project ‘Biometric Europe: imposing digital identities in the name of security’.

Published by Statewatch, July 2020.

© Statewatch 2020. ISBN 978-1-874481-81-2. Personal usage as private individuals/“fair dealing” is allowed.  Usage by those working for organisations is allowed only if the organisation holds an appropriate licence from the relevant reprographic rights organisation (e.g. Copyright Licensing Agency in the UK) with such usage being subject to the terms and conditions of that licence and to local copyright law.

Statewatch is the operating name of the Libertarian Research & Education Trust. UK charity number: 1154784, UK company number: 08480724.


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