Substantive case law


[Substantive case law - Migration, asylum, borders & visas (Title IV EC)]


Substantive case law

 

Decided cases

Case C-392/95 Parliament v. Council 
- Visa list Regulation annulled for failure to reconsult EP
- judgment [1997] ECR I-3213

Case C-170/96 Commission v. Council 
- airport transit visas Joint Action upheld on grounds that it was correctly adopted as third pillar measure
- judgment [1998] ECR I-2763

Case C-459/99 MRAX
- reference from Belgian court asking question concerning Regulation 2317/95 along with questions on other EC acts;
- Opinion of Advocate-General Stix-Hackl released in Sep. 2001
- judgment 25 July 2002: [2002] ECR I-6591

Case C-257/01, Commission v Council
- for annulment of Regs. 789/2001 and 790/2001
- Opinion of Advocate-General supporting Commission on 27 April 2004
- judgment supporting Council on 18 Jan. 2005, [2005] ECR-I-345

C-540/03 EP v Council
- challenge to validity of three provisions of family reunion directive; 
- hearing before Grand Chamber of Court of Justice 28 June 2005; 
- opinion 8 Sept. 2005 argues that case is inadmissible; 
- judgment supporting Council, 27 June 2006

C-77/05 UK v Council
- challenge to validity of exclusion of UK from borders agency Regulation; hearing 13 March 2007; opinion 10 July 2007; judgment against UK, 18 Dec. 2007

C-137/05 UK v Council
- challenge to validity of exclusion of UK from passports Regulation; hearing 13 March 2007; opinion 10 July 2007; judgment against UK, 18 Dec. 2007

C-133/06 EP v Council
- challenge to validity of ‘safe country of origin’ and ‘safe European third country’ rules in asylum procedures directive; hearing due 20 June 2007; opinion 27 Sep. 2007; judgment for EP, 6 May 2008

C-19/08 Petrosian
- interpretation of ‘Dublin II’ Regulation 

C-465/07 Elgafaji and Elgafaji
- interpretation of Article 15(c) of Directive 2004/83, concerning the definition of subsidiary protection status; opinion 9 Sep. 2008; judgment 17 Feb. 2009

C-139/08 Kqiku
- interpretation of transit legislation; judgement 2 April 2009

C-261/08 Zurita Garcia
- reference from Spanish courts on interpretation of Borders Code; opinion 19 May 2009; judgement 22 Oct. 2009, [2009] ECR I-10143

C-348/08 Choque Cabrera
- reference from Spanish courts on interpretation of Borders Code (identical question to Case C-261/08 Zurita Garcia); opinion 19 May 2009; judgement 22 Oct. 2009, [2009] ECR I-10143

C-357/09 PPU Kadzoev
- interpretation of Returns Directive; hearing due 27 Oct. 09; judgment 30 Nov. 2009

C-175/08 to C-179/08 Abdulla and others
- interpretation of Directive 2004/83 on qualification of refugees; hearing 2 June 2009; opinion 15 Sept. 2009; judgment 2 March 2010

C-578/08 Chakroun
- reference from Dutch court on interpretation of family reunion directive; hearing 21 Oct. 2009; opinion 10 Dec. 2009; judgment 4 March 2010

C-31/09 Bolbol

- interpretation of Directive 2004/83 on qualification of refugees; hearing due 20 Oct. 2009; opinion 4 March 2010; judgment 17 June 2010

C-188/10
 and C-189/10 Melki and Abdeli
-  interpretation of Schengen Convention on internal border controls; reference from Cour de Cassation (France); hearing 2 June 2010; judgment 22 June 2010

C-57/09 B
- interpretation of Directive 2004/83 on qualification of refugees; hearing due 9 March 2010; opinion 1 June 2010; judgment 9 Nov. 2010

C-101/09 D
- interpretation of Directive 2004/83 on qualification of refugees; hearing due 9 March 2010; opinion 1 June 2010; judgment 9 Nov. 2010

C-247/09 Xhymshiti
- interpretation of Reg 859/2003 on social security for third-country nationals; judgment 18 Nov. 2010

C-61/11 PPU El Dridl Hassen

- reference from Italian court on interpretation of Directive 2008/115 (Returns Directive) on detention of migrants; hearing due 30 Mar. 2011; judgment 28 April 2011

C-69/10 Samba Diouf
- interpretation of Directive 2005/85 on asylum procedures; hearing 19 Jan. 2011; opinion 1 Mar. 2011; judgment 28 July 2011

C-430/10 Gaydarov
- reference from Bulgarian court on Borders Code Regulation; judgment 17 Nov. 2011

C-329/11 PPU Achughbabian
- reference from French court concerning Returns Directive; judgment 6 Dec. 2011

C-411/10 NS and C-493/10 NS and ME
- references from Court of Appeal (England and Wales) and Ireland concerning Dublin II Regulation; hearing 28 June 2011; opinion 22 Sep. 2011; [2011] ECR I-13493

C-83/12 PPU Vo
- reference from German court on interpretation of visa code Regulation; hearing 22 March 2012; judgment 10 April 2012

C-571/10 Kamberaj
- reference from Italian court on interpretation of long-term residents' directive; hearing 18 Oct. 2011; opinion 13 Dec. 2011; judgment 24 April 2012

C-508/10 Commission v Netherlands
- incorrect application of Directive 2003/109; opinion 19 Jan. 2012; judgment 26 April 2012

C-620/10 Kastrati
- reference from Swedish court on interpretation of Dublin II Regulation; hearing due 30 Nov. 11; opinion 12 Jan. 2012; judgment 3 May 2012

C-606/10 Association Nationale d'Assistance aux Frontières pour les Etrangers
- reference from French court on interpretation of Borders Code; hearing due 20 Oct. 2011; opinion 28 Nov. 2011; judgment 14 June 2012

C-15/11 Sommer
- reference from Austrian court on interpretation of Directive 2004/114 on admissiion of students, etc.; opinion 1 Mar. 2012; judgment 21 June 2012

C-278/12 PPU Adil
- reference from Dutch court on interpretation of borders code; hearing due 5 and 6 July 2012; judgment 19 July 2012

C-355/10 EP v Council
- action for annulment of Council Decision on border surveillance; hearing 25 Jan. 2012; opinion 17 April 2012; judgment 5 Sep. 2012

Joined cases C-71/11 Y and C-99/11 Z
- references from German court on interpretation of Directive 2004/83 (qualification Directive) on religious persecution; hearing 28 Feb. 2012; opinion 19 April 2012; judgment 5 Sep. 2012

C-179/11 CIMADE and GISTI
- reference from French court on interpretation of reception conditions Directive, Dublin II Reg; hearing 8 Mar. 2012; opinion 15 May 2012; judgment 27 Sep. 2012

C-502/10 Singh
- reference from Dutch court on interpretation of long-term residents’ directive; opinion due 15 May 2012; judgment 18 Oct. 2012

C-245/11 K
- reference from Austrian court concerning Dublin II Regulation; opinion 27 June 2012; judgment 6 Nov. 2012

C-277/11 MM
- reference from Irish court concerning qualification Directive; hearing due 28 Mar. 2012; opinion 26 April 2012; judgment 22 Nov. 2012

C-430/11 Sagor
- reference from Italian court concerning Returns Directive; hearing due 13 Sep. 2012; judgment 6 Dec. 2012

C-364/11 El Kott
- reference from Hungarian court concerning qualification Directive; hearing due 15 May 2012; opinion 13 Sep. 2012; judgment 19 Dec. 2012

C-23/12 Zakaria
- reference from Latvian court on interpretation of borders code Regulation; judgment 17 Jan. 2013

C-175/11 H.I.D.
- reference from Irish court on interpretation of asylum procedures Directive; hearing due 13 June 2011; opinion 6 Sep. 2012; judgment 31 Jan. 2013

C-254/11 Shomodi 
- reference concerning border traffic Regulation; hearing due 14 June 2011; opinion 6 Dec. 2012; opinion 6 Dec. 2012; judgment 21 March 2013

C-522/11 Mbaye
- reference from Italian court on interpretation of Returns Directive; order of 21 March 2013

C-528/11 Halaf
- reference from Bulgarian court on interpretation of Dublin II Regulation; judgment 30 May 2013

C-534/11 Arslan
- reference from Czech court on interpretation of Returns Directive; hearing due 7 Nov. 2012; opinion 31 Jan. 2013; judgment 30 May 2013

C-648/11 MA
- reference from UK court on interpretation of Dublin II Regulation; hearing 5 Nov. 2012; judgment 6 June 2013

C-383/13 PPU G and R
- reference from Dutch court on Returns Directive; hearing 8 Aug. 2013; judgment 10 Sep. 2013

C-297/12 Filev and Osmani
- reference from German court on interpretation of Returns Directive; hearing 20 Mar. 2013; judgment 19 Sep. 2013

C-291/12 Schwarz
- reference from German court on validity of passports regulation; opinion 13 June 2013; judgment 17 Oct. 2013

C-199/12 XC-200/12 Y & C-201/12 Z
- reference from Dutch court on interpretation of qualification Directive; hearing due 11 April 2013; opinion 11 July 2013; judgment 7 Nov. 2013

C-4/11 Puid
- reference from German court on interpretation of Dublin II Regulation and other asylum legislation; hearing scheduled 22 Jan. 2013; opinion 18 April 2013; judgment 14 Nov. 2013

C-394/12 Abdullahi
- reference from Austrian court on interpretation of Dublin II Regulation; hearing due 7 May 2013; opinion 11 July 2013; judgment 10 Dec. 2013

C-84/12 Koushkaki
- reference from German court on interpretation of visa code Regulation; hearing scheduled 29 Jan. 2013; opinion 11 April 2013; judgment 19 Dec. 2013

C-285/12 Diakite
- reference from Belgian court on interpretation of qualification Directive; hearing due 29 May 2013; opinion 18 July 2013; judgment 30 Jan. 2014

C-139/13 Commission v Belgium
- alleged breach of passports Regulation; judgment 13 Feb. 2014

C-79/13 Saciri and others
- reference from Belgian court on interpretation of reception conditions Directive; hearing 27 Nov. 2013; judgment 27 Feb. 2014

C-604/12 HN
- reference from Irish court on interpretation of qualification Directive; hearing due 17 Oct. 2013; opinion due 7 Nov. 2013; judgment 8 May 2014

C-146/14 PPU Mahdi
- reference from Bulgarian court on Returns Directive; hearing 12 May 2014; judgment 5 June 2014

C-189/13 Da Silva
- reference from French court on Returns Directive; hearing due 12 March 2014; judgment 3 July 2014

C-138/13 Dogan
- reference from German court on interpretation of family reunion directive; hearing due 6 Feb. 2014; opinion 30 April 2014; judgment 10 July 2014

C-338/13 Noorzai
- reference from Austrian court on family reunion Directive; opinion 30 April 2014; judgment 17 July 2014

C-469/13 Tahir
- reference from Italian court on long-term residents Directive; judgment 17 July 2014

C-473/13 Bero
- reference from German court on Returns Directive; hearing due 8 April 2014; opinion 30 April 2014; judgment 17 July 2014

C-474/13 Pham
- reference from German court on Returns Directive; hearing due 8 April 2014; opinion 30 April 2014; judgment 17 July 2014

C-481/13 Qurbani
- reference from German court on Dublin Regulation; judgment 17 July 2014

C-514/13 Bouzalmate
- reference from German court on Returns Directive (same question as C-473/13); hearing 8 April 2014; opinion 30 April 2014; judgment 17 July 2014

C-141/12 YS and C-372/12 M and S
- reference from Dutch court on interpretation of data protection legislation as regards asylum application; hearing due 3 July 2013; opinion 12 Dec. 2013; judgment 17 July 2014

C-575/12 Air Baltic
- reference from Latvian court on interpretation of borders code, visa code; hearing due 19 March 2014; opinion 21 May 2014; judgment 4 Sept. 2014

C-491/13 Ben Alaya
- reference from German court on students’ directive; opinion 12 June 2014; judgment 10 Sep. 2014

C-101/13 U
- reference from German court on interpretation of passports Regulation; hearing 15 Jan. 2014; opinion 30 April 2014; judgment 2 Oct. 2014

C-166/13 Mukarubega
- reference from French court on Returns Directive; hearing 30 April 2014; opinion 25 June 2014; judgment 5 Nov. 2014

C-148/13 AC-149/13 B & C-150/13 C
- reference from Dutch court on interpretation of qualification directive; opinion 17 July 2014; judgment 2 Dec. 2014

C-249/13 Boujlida
- reference from French court on Returns Directive; hearing due 8 May 2014; opinion 25 June 2014; judgment 11 Dec. 2014

C-542/13 M’Bodj
- reference from Belgian court on qualification directive; hearing due 24 June 2014; opinion 17 July 2014; judgment 18 Dec. 2014

C-562/13 Abdida
- reference from a Belgian court on asylum legislation; hearing due 24 June 2014; opinion 4 Sept. 2014; judgment 18 Dec. 2014

C-472/13 Shepherd
- reference from German court on qualification Directive; hearing due 25 June 2014; opinion due 11 Nov. 2014; judgment 26 Feb. 2015

C-446/12C-447/12C-448/12 & C-449/12 Willems and others
- references from German court on validity of passports regulation; hearing due 6 Nov. 2014; judgment 16 April 2015

C-38/14 Zaizoun
- reference from Spanish court on returns directive; hearing due 9 Dec. 2014; judgment 23 April 2015

C-579/13 P and S
- reference from Dutch court on long-term residents’ directive; hearing due 5 Nov. 2014; opinion 28 Jan. 2015; judgment 4 June 2015

C-554/13 Zh and O
- reference from Dutch court on returns directive; hearing due 15 Oct. 2014; opinion due 12 Feb. 2015; judgment 11 June 2015

C-373/13 T
- reference from German court on qualification Directive; hearing due 4 June 2014; hearing due 4 June 2014; opinion 11 Sep. 2014; judgment 24 June 2015

C-153/14 K & A
- reference from Dutch court on family reunion directive; hearing due 5 Feb. 2015; opinion 19 March 2015; judgment 9 July 2015

C-88/14 Commission v EP and Council
- challenge to validity of part of visa list Regulation; opinion 7 May 2015; judgment 16 July 2015

C-309/14 CGIL and IMCA
- reference from Italian court on long-term residents’ Directive; hearing 16 April 2015; judgment 2 Sep 2015

C-44/14 Spain v EP and Council
- challenge to validity of part of Eurosur Regulation; hearing 17 Mar. 2015; opinion 13 May 2015; judgment 8 Sep 2015

C-290/14 Celaj
- reference from Belgian court on returns Directive; opinion 28 April 2015; judgment 1 Oct 2015

Pending cases

C-239/14 Tall
- reference from Belgian court on asylum procedures Directive; hearing due 6 May 2015; opinion 3 Sep 2015

C-443/14C-444/14, Alo and others
- reference from German court on qualification Directive; hearing due 14 July 2015; opinion 6 Oct 2015

C-465/14 Wieland and H. Rothwangl
- reference from Dutch court on social security Regulation, reference from Dutch court on social security Regulation; hearing due 16 Sep 2015

C-558/14 Khachab
- reference from Spanish court on family reunion directive

C-560/14 MM
- reference from Irish court on asylum law

C-573/14 Lounani
- reference from Belgian court on asylum law

C-47/15 Affum
- reference from French court on Returns Directive; hearing due 10 Nov. 2015

C-63/15 Ghezelbash
- reference from Dutch court on Dublin III Regulation

C-150/15 N
- reference on qualification Directive

C-155/15 Karim
- reference on Dublin III Regulation

C-429/15 Danqua
- reference on qualification Directive

C-528/15 Al Chodor
- reference on Dublin III Regulation

Inadmissible cases

Case C-51/03, Georgescu
- on interpretation of Reg. 539/2001 as regards Romanians (OJ 2003 C 112/8)
- order of Court of Justice on 31 March 2004

C-144/11 Abdallah
- Italian reference similar to the El Dridl case; court order 8 Sep. 2011

C-257/13 Mlalali
- reference from French court on long-term Residence Directive

C-456/14 Orrego Arias
- reference from Spanish court on Directive 2001/40 on mutual recognition of expulsion decisions; order of 3 Sep 2015

Withdrawn cases

C-105/10 PPU Gataev
- interpretation of Directive 2005/85 on asylum procedures; hearing scheduled 12 April 2010; withdrawn 3 April 2010

C-563/10 Khavand

- interpretation of Directive 2004/83 on qualification of refugees

C-50/11 Emegor

- reference from Italian court on interpretation of Returns Directive on detention of migrants

C-60/11 Mrad

- reference from Italian court on interpretation of Returns Directive on detention of migrants 

C-63/11 Austine

- reference from Italian court on interpretation of Directive 2008/115 (Returns Directive) on detention of migrants

C-94/11 Godwin

- reference from Italian court on interpretation of Returns Directive on detention of migrants

C-113/11 Cherni

- reference from Italian court on interpretation of Returns Directive on detention of migrants

C-120/11 Kwadwo
- reference from Italian court on interpretation of Returns Directive on detention of migrants

C-155/11 Imran
- reference from Dutch court on interpretation of family reunion Directive; Court of Justice ruled that there was no need to rule on case, 10 June 2011

C-140/11 Ngagne
- Italian reference on the returns directive

C-43/11 Samb
- reference from Italian court on interpretation of Directive 2008/115 (Returns Directive) on detention of migrants

C-156/11 Music
- Italian reference on the returns directive

C-169/11 Conteh
- reference from Italian court on interpretation of Returns Directive on detention of migrants

C-187/11 Vermisheva
- reference from Italian court on interpretation of Returns Directive on detention of migrants; withdrawn 6 July 2011

C-39/12 Dang
- reference from German court on interpretation of visa code Regulation; withdrawn 18 June 2012

Joined case C-73/1274/1275/12 Ettaghi and others
– references from Italian court on returns Directive

C-88/12 Jaoo
- reference from Dutch court on interpretation of borders code Regulation; withdrawn Sep. 2012

C-666/11 M and others
- reference from German court on interpretation of Dublin II Regulation; withdrawn 7 Jan. 2013

C-51/1252/1253/1254/12 Zhu and others
- references from Italian court on returns Directive; withdrawn 6 Feb. 2013

C-513/12 Ayalti
- reference from German court on interpretation of family reunion Directive

C-158/13 Rajaby
- reference from Dutch court on Dublin II Regulation

C-176/14 Van Hautem
- reference from Dutch court on long-term residents’ directive

C-390/14 Mehrabipari
- reference from Cypriot court on returns Directive

C-527/14 Oruche
- reference from German court on family reunion directive

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