Africa-Frontex Intelligence Community Joint Report 2013


Africa-Frontex Intelligence Community Joint Report 2013 

Contents: 

Executive summary - 6

1. Introduction and methodology - 8 
1.1 Introduction - 8 
1.2 Methodology - 9

2. Main migration routes from Africa to the EU - update on 2012 - 11
2.1 Introduction - migratory routes and drivers of change - 11
2.2 Changes in Europe - 12
2.3. Changes in Africa - AFIC views - 27

3. Situation in the Sahel - impact of the Mali crisis on regional border security and movements of migrants - 34
3.1 Introduction - 34
3.2 Security concerns for the Sahel - AFIC views - 34
3.3 Impact of the Sahel's humanitarian emergencies and the Mali crisis on migratory flows towards the EU - 39

4. Document fraud - 45
4.1 AFIC nationalities and document fraud - 45
4.2 Detection points - 47
4.3 Routes - 49
4.4 Documents - 53
4.5 Abuse of legal channels - 55
4.6 Biometric passports - 61

5. Conclusion - 62
5.1 Saving lives at sea - 62
5.2 Tackling the threat of terrorism at regional borders in Africa - 62
5.3 Improving administrative capacity to detect and/or prevent document fraud - 62
5.4 Non-exhaustive list of the main difficulties linked to border management - 63

6. Annexes - 64
6.1 Detections of illegal border-crossing of nationals from AFIC partner countries by quarter and route - 64
6.2 List of Frontex-coordinated Joint Operations active in 2013 - 65
6.3 Most commonly detected types of boats used for illegal maritime migration in 2013 - 66
6.4 Finding synergies between the AFIC and other relevant international initiatives - 68

 

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