EU: Tracking the Pact: Civil-military "synergies" for external migration control


In early December the Czech Presidency of the Council circulated a note on the "state of play" of the EU's various asylum and migration initiatives, intended to inform member state delegations in the Committee of Permanent Representatives (COREPER). It is essentially a brief summary of work under the outgoing Czech Presidency. According to the note, this included the exploration of possible civil-military "synergies" in externalised migration control, through a meeting of the Council's External Migration Working Party with representatives of EUCAP Sahel Niger and EUBAM Libya.

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Image: Axel Bührmann, CC BY 2.0

The note (pdf) covers:

  • Asylum
    • Roadmap with the European Parliament: "On 7 September 2022, the outgoing, current and three incoming Presidencies of the Council and the European Parliament signed a Roadmap in which they committed to make efforts towards the conclusion of all asylum files before the end of the legislative period of the current European Parliament. The Roadmap states that the negotiations between the co-legislators should start by the end of 2022."
    • Way forward on the reform of EU asylum system based on balanced solidarity and responsibility: "The concept presents various ideas that received a sound support from the majority of Member States and were welcomed throughout the negotiations as possible viable solutions to be considered during the necessary legislative work"
  • Legal migration: "The Presidency started work on the two legislative proposals of the Commission’s Skills & Talent package, which aim to enhance the EU’s attractiveness for global talent by facilitating both the admission of workers with different skills levels to the EU and the intra-EU mobility of third-country nationals already present in the EU (see the document on the current legislative proposals 15288/22)."
  • External dimension of asylum and migration
    • Civil-military synergies: "...the Presidency organised the very first EMWP meeting, which was attended by the chosen CSDP missions’ representatives (EUCAP Sahel Niger and EUBAM Libya - Mediterranean routes - and EUAM Ukraine - Eastern migration route), with a view to improving overall awareness and looking into possible synergies."
    • "At the meeting on 30 September, a new action file on Egypt was discussed as well as a draft proposal for a toolbox on instrumentalisation aiming to improve overall preparedness and ensure responsiveness. Both files were further discussed at the meeting on 17 October."
  • Return
    • "The Presidency has continued the general long-standing efforts to improve implementation of fair, humane and effective returns. The Presidency has been paying due attention to the implementation of the EU strategy on voluntary return and reintegration as well as the development of Frontex mandate in the area of return, notably the Frontex Joint Reintegration Services (JRS)."


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Further reading

19 December 2022

Tracking the Pact: Czech Presidency's "way forward" on new laws, mechanisms and Dublin transfers

A note circulated by the Czech Presidency to the Council's Strategic Committee on Immigration, Frontiers and Asylum (SCIFA) at the end of November.

13 December 2022

Tracking the Pact: Council of the EU seeks progress with the Qualification Regulation

The Council of the EU is calling upon member state representatives in COREPER to approve a mandate for negotiations with the European Parliament on the Qualification Regulation, which sets out the standards that must be met for an individual to receive formal refugee or subsidiary protection status. The text is based on a provisional agreement reached by the Council and Parliament in 2018, that was not approved by COREPER at the time.

17 November 2022

Council seeks to water down human rights safeguards in migration “instrumentalisation” rules

References to child’s best interest and non-refoulement removed; derogations could be applied to people “disembarked following search and rescue operations”.


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