09 July 2018
German freedom of information website Frag den Staat (Ask the State) has published the full text of a "masterplan" on migration drawn up by the country's interior ministry, including a translation into English. In the words of the website (link): "The German Ministry of Interior is planning to put even further restrictions on Germany’s and Europe’s asylum and migration policies."
See: Here’s how the German Minister of Interior attacks Europe’s asylum policies(Frag den Staat, link):
"The Ministry of Interior has refused to publish the text in the past few months, while the (largely unknown) content was heavily debated. We have published it today and translated it from German into English.
Measures to order, control and limit immigration
Federal Ministry of the Interior, Building and Community
Table of Contents
I. Field of action “Countries of origin”
II. Field of action “transit countries”
III. Field of action “European Union”
IV. Field of action “Domestic / national”
Internal borders / Schengen
Asylum and aliens procedures
The challenges of global migration require a system of order.
This master plan is based on the conviction that our country can only assume its external responsibilities if internal cohesion is maintained at the same time.
The willingness of society to accept migration presupposes order and control of migration. No country in the world can take in refugees indefinitely. Successful integration can only succeed if immigration is limited. This is the core message of the coalition agreement.
Order needs clear guidelines:
We expect applicants to actively participate in their asylum procedures. We want to prevent people from disappearing or concealing their true identity during or after an asylum procedure. Requests for humanitarian protection and the commission of criminal offences are in principle mutually exclusive.
People without the right to stay must leave our country. An obligation to leave the country must be followed by an actual departure.
The consistent enforcement of the law ensures confidence in the rule of law. Acceptance of asylum procedures depends to a large extent on rejection notices actually leading to applicants leaving the country again.
We do not want immigration into our social systems. Our social benefits must not be an incentive to move to Germany. That is why the issue of benefits in kind must take precedence over cash benefits.
The great task of integration can only succeed if it is clear from the outset to whom and what it refers. It refers to people with a permanent perspective, not to all who have come. And it refers to our set of values, which is the cohesion of society.
Integration requires participation, which we want to demand even more resolutely in the future. In this context, we can be proud of the diverse voluntary commitment of our society.
Germany needs well-trained and qualified specialists. This must be controlled according to clear rules. This also makes legal immigration possible. The tasks ahead of us are manifold.
They require measures in the countries of origin, measures in the transit countries, measures at European Union level and measures in Germany. These four fields of action form the framework of this master plan.
We have achieved a great deal here in recent years. We build on this. However, there is no reason to sound the all-clear. Migration pressure at Europe's external borders continues. The decision as to who comes to Germany and who does not, must not be left to criminal smugglers.
Many national measures still need to be improved, in particular consistent deportation, the success rate of integration courses and rapid and safe asylum procedures.
The implementation of this master plan must always take into account the overall development of immigration. The immigration corridor of 180,000 to 220,000 people seeking protection per year agreed in the coalition agreement applies.
Assistance on the ground in countries of origin and transit by strengthening development cooperation measures is the most humane and effective way of countering causes of flight and creating prospects for people in terms of housing and future prospects.
Responsibility towards the stability of the state requires the control and limitation of immigration. The master plan stands for permanent order and control of migration. It ensures a balance between the willingness to help and the actual possibilities of our country. It is thus suitable for overcoming the division of our society.
In order to achieve the goals set out in the coalition agreement, the 63 measures of this master plan form the regulatory framework of the Federal Ministry of the Interior, Building and Home Affairs. They take stock of the results of the European Council of 28 June 2018.
If, contrary to expectations, these objectives are threatened by national or international developments, further measures must be considered.
The promise is to reduce the number of people fleeing to Germany and Europe in the long term so that a situation like that of 2015 will not and cannot be repeated.
Flight and migration are a long-term global challenge, triggered by crises, wars, hunger, poverty and lack of prospects. 90% of the refugees live in war and crisis zones and are received in developing countries. Germany is already doing a lot and will continue to step up its efforts on the ground, because aid on the ground is the most humane and effective way to counter the causes of flight and to create housing and future prospects for people. German Development Cooperation is committed to our interests and values. Humanity is not negotiable for us.
We are fully committed to poverty reduction. At the same time, any government that wants to cooperate more closely with us in development policy must know that we apply strict standards to its actions, for example with regard to respect for human rights or the fight against corruption. Cooperation in the fight against crime, smuggling, illegal migration and the return of rejected asylum seekers is also an important component of cooperation with our partner countries.
The Marshall Plan with Africa is the plan of action for cooperation with African partner countries. Through reform partnerships, which are based on the approach of promoting and demanding, we specifically drive forward the development of selected partner countries. After all, Europe's future also depends on successfully tackling Africa's major challenges.
Cooperation with the countries of origin must be stepped up. The ODA ratio (Official Development Assistance) must therefore not fall by 2022 as envisaged in the financial plan. It is about aid for survival and the development of infrastructure in crisis areas, but also, in particular, long-term development cooperation measures such as poverty reduction, economic development, education and training, climate protection, equal rights for women, good governance and respect for human rights.
However, Germany cannot meet the challenges on its own.
What is needed is a much stronger financial commitment on the part of the European Union and a reorganisation of fair trade relations.
1. Reduction of the causes of flight: By extending development cooperation measures such as infrastructure development and investment in education and employment.
2. Secure temporary employment: People who have a livelihood do not flee their home region. The “Cash for work” will be consolidated and expanded. This will strengthen measures for the return of millions of internally displaced persons in the countries of refuge.
3. Ensuring school attendance in the regions of origin: Families move on when their children can no longer attend school. Conversely, families will hesitate to return to their home countries if no education is possible for their children. For this reason, the commitment in the field of education is being further expanded.
4. Creating lasting jobs: The special initiative “Training and Employment” focuses on new, targeted and networked cooperation between and with companies. The focus is on the Maghreb region and the African reform partner countries.
5. A development investment law will create an improved framework for private investment, economic cooperation and new forms of training and technology cooperation.
6. Advice on voluntary return and reintegration: In future, the BAMF is to offer asylum seekers voluntary return counselling. In general, return counselling should follow uniform objectives and standards. For this purpose there will be nationwide uniform offers for each target country. The connection to BMZ's advisory and supply structure in the countries of origin must also be established. BMZ will offer returnees access to training opportunities in Germany. These are not intended to prolong the stay, but rather to facilitate a new start in the country of origin.
7. Expand advisory and support centres: The eight advisory centres in Iraq, Kosovo, Ghana, Serbia, Albania, Tunisia, Morocco and Senegal coordinate training and employment programmes on the ground. These advisory services are also offered to returnees from Germany. It also provides information on the dangers of illegal migration and the possibilities of legal immigration to Germany and Europe. We want to build up further proven reintegration programmes in the main countries of origin, establish advisory centres and further increase the range of local training and employment programmes. BMZ and BMI will develop and implement a joint action plan for voluntary return and reintegration.
8. Budget 2019 and financial plan to 2022: The measures mentioned require additional budget resources. State development cooperation (ODA quota) must not be allowed to fall. On their current basis, the resources must be further increased. This results in an additional total requirement for the BMZ section of EUR 880 million for 2019 - in addition to the key figures. Commitment appropriations are also required for subsequent financial years in order to be able to plan on a sound basis. At the same time, the budget approach for BAMF's international project work in countries of origin must be gradually increased by 2020 for BMI's complementary return-related projects within the framework of the BMI and BMZ action plan. BMI and BMZ will work together to achieve this.
9. Improving readmission: helping countries of origin to identify their nationals in transit countries in order to provide them with and resume replacement travel documents.
10. Developing and strengthening international police cooperation:
We also want to support the transit countries of illegal migration in stabilising their political situation, especially North Africa and the Sahel region, Libya, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon and Turkey. To this end, we want to help in these countries with the short-term reception and care of refugees, support the infrastructure of receiving communities and at the same time invest in medium and long-term future prospects. We also want to strengthen civil security and support effective border management. We want to fight illegal migration and smuggling together and support voluntary return through lOM and UNHCR. Cooperation with transit countries must be stepped up.
11. Establishment of so-called “safe places”: To prevent further escape and migration movements, strengthen reception capacities and improve reception conditions, especially in regions in the vicinity of trouble spots by establishing "safe places" in cooperation with UNHCR and IOM in:
12. Activating EU funds for trouble spots: increasing the EU-Africa Trust Fund (EU Action Plan for Stability and Fighting Causes of Flight in Africa) as part of the negotiations on the EU's Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF) for the period 2020 to 2027.
13. Awareness about the consequences of escape: Implementation of targeted educational work (establishment of further return centres beyond Agadez / Niger) to clarify the lack of opportunities for illegal migration.
14. Border management training support for international training institutions for border police officers (e.g. College Sahelien de Securite (CSS) in the G5 states) in the Sahel region to promote effective border management.
15. Financial assistance to transit countries: Assisting the main transit countries in the reception and care of refugees, including the host communities.
16. Capacity building in transit countries: Support for measures to build up capacity in transit countries in relation to asylum and migration.
17. "North Africa Strategy": Further development of the so-called North Africa Strategy as an instrument of comprehensive analysis and strategic planning of BMI measures for the North Africa region and the neighbouring Sahel region.
We want effective management of migration in the European Union. We can only achieve this through deeper cooperation. Security begins at the borders. We therefore want to improve external border protection. We aim to create a functioning Common European Asylum System, including the Dublin Mechanism. We want reliable and comprehensive cooperation and communication between the European Union and the countries of origin and transit of illegal migration. The less the Common European Asylum System can provide, the more national measures and their effectiveness gain in importance.
18. Strengthening Frontex:
19. European Border Police: development of Frontex into a “European Border Police” with fundamental respect for the sovereignty and competence of the Member States for the protection of their own national borders.
20. Common European Asylum System: creation of an efficient, crisis-proof and solidary Common European Asylum System (GEAS) including optimisation of the Dublin Regulation (Dublin Regulation).
21. Compliance with the existing Dublin Regulation: Call for consistent compliance with the Dublin Regulation by all EU Member States and intensify discussions with them to increase the number of asylum seekers transferred to the competent Member States; otherwise, take national measures to increase the efficiency of Dublin transfers, in particular in the event of renewed illegal returns to Germany.
22. Strengthening structures at the external border: support for the reception centres in Italy and Greece by sufficient staff from the Member States. Extension of the concept for hotspots / controlled facilities in accordance with the conclusions of the European Council of 28 June 2018.
23. Development of a standard model for European initial reception facilities: Development of a. German initiative for the EU Commission to develop a standard model for hotspot-controlled facilities. This guarantees transferability to other regions if necessary.
24. Improvement of accommodation conditions in Greece: activation of EU aid to Greece to improve accommodation facilities on the islands and to prevent transfers to the mainland.
25. EU-Turkey Declaration: Working towards a consistent implementation of the EU-Turkey Declaration together with the EU Commission, according to which those seeking protection who have used Turkey as a transit country and have entered the EU for the first time on the Greek islands are to be returned to Turkey. To this end, Syrian nationals from Turkey are admitted to the EU (1:1 mechanism).
We want to return to a Schengen area without internal border controls. In particular, this requires effective external border management and a functioning Dublin system. We want to strengthen national freedom of action for the temporary reintroduction of internal border controls in a national threat situation in the current EU legislative procedure on the Schengen Borders Code. As regards the situation within the EU, the secondary movement of asylum seekers between Member States threatens to jeopardise the integrity of the Common European Asylum System and the Schengen acquis. We will take all necessary internal legislative and administrative measures against these migratory movements, working closely with our European partners.
26. Improved border controls at the Schengen external border: rapid introduction of the European entry and exit register (Entry-Exit System) with the entry and exit of third-country nationals and their biometric characteristics at the border will in future be recorded and stored electronically and the European entry registration and authorisation system (ETIAS), through which an authorisation must be granted before departure to the third country as a prerequisite for entry.
27. Internal border controls:
At the German-Austrian border, a new border regime is being developed to ensure that asylum seekers whose asylum procedures are the responsibility of other EU countries are prevented from entering the country. To this end, we are setting up transit centres from which asylum seekers are rejected directly to the relevant countries (rejection on the basis of a fiction of non-entry). In cases where countries refuse to sign administrative agreements on direct rejection, rejection takes place at the German-Austrian border on the basis of an agreement with the Republic of Austria.
28. Intensive dragnet search: Development of measures below the threshold of temporary internal border controls according to the SGK, which include flexible police action at all German land borders, including temporary controls of cross-border traffic by the Federal Police and thus make an active contribution to the prevention of illegal migration and the fight against cross-border crime.
29. Development of police cooperation: Intensification of cooperation between the Federal Police and the police forces of the Länder as well as the police and border authorities of neighbouring states, implementation of model projects if necessary.
30. Strengthening the task of border protection: extending the powers of the Federal Police to prevent and prevent unauthorised entry, including for important domestic traffic routes, and the responsibility for the termination of residence.
31. Infrastructural precautions: Expansion of the flexible control and processing infrastructure as well as the equipment of the Federal Police for (also longer-term) mobile control and investigation measures near the border.
We want to increase the efficiency, speed and quality of asylum procedures. We need to know who's in our country. And we need to know where applicants are for the duration of their asylum procedure. We do not want rejected asylum seekers to be able to escape the repatriation procedure. We want to eliminate false incentives for filing an asylum application in Germany. We want to make the duties of cooperation under asylum and aliens law more binding and strive for demand-oriented management of the immigration of skilled workers. All this requires a reform of the organisation of asylum authorities and the organisation of asylum procedures.
32. Optimisation of the asylum procedure: Establishment of arrival, decision and repatriation centres (AnkER centres) as modern service authorities and implementation together with the federal states. Fast, efficient and safe asylum procedures by bundling the competences of the federal, state and local authorities. The decisive advantage of the Anchor Centres is that in future the applicants will only be distributed among the cities and municipalities once their protection status has been positively determined. The tasks and procedures of the AnkER Centres are specifically described in the coalition agreement and are binding for the parties of the coalition. In detail:
33. Improving the quality of asylum procedures:
34. Consistent verification of the right to protection:
35. Accelerated procedures: Implementation of accelerated procedures in accordance with § 30a AsylG with limited rights of the person seeking protection (e.g. shortened time limits for appeal):
36. Diagnosis of age and mandatory medical examination:
37. Better identification and security screening of third-country nationals:
38. Sanctioning under performance law in case of violation of duties to cooperate in the asylum procedure by creating a direct data exchange between BAMF and performance authorities. benefit cuts under the Asylum Seeker Benefits Act (AsylbLG):
39. Combating abuse of asylum benefits:
40. Optimization of asylum court proceedings:
41. Consistent implementation of the future regulation on family reunification for beneficiaries of subsidiary protection.
42. the definition of further safe countries of origin: Determination of Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, Georgia and other countries with a regular recognition rate of less than five percent as safe countries of origin for the purpose of speeding up procedures:
43. Promotion of legal immigration: Development of a needs-oriented law on immigration of skilled workers to supplement and better systematise the existing regulations in the Residence Act, as well as implementation of flanking measures for qualification recognition and administrative procedures, language acquisition and advertising abroad.
We want people who stay longer in Germany with a protection status to integrate into our society and values. Successful integration is the prerequisite for social cohesion. We expect all immigrants to identify with our country and to recognize our values and way of life. The integration process begins with participation in the integration course, which we want to make more binding and manage for committed participants. We want to ensure participation and success in the existing integration offers. We want to improve the promotion of integration projects for the common good and examine even more specifically whether the objectives of the projects will also be achieved.
44. Quality improvement in integration courses: Immediate initiation of the evaluation of the integration course to identify opportunities to further improve the quality of the courses.
45. Strengthening the attendance requirement for obligated participants: regulation of stricter requirements for proper participation and linking attendance in the orientation course for teaching values to admission to the final test
46. Sanctions and incentives: Strengthening the possibilities of sanctions for breaches of the obligation to participate in the integration course and targeted incentives for achieving language level B 1.
47. Tightening of the obligation to present medical certificates in the event of absence: Tightening of the attestation obligation, especially in case of repeated unjustified absence or delay of obligated participants in integration courses.
48. Increase control density: Increase the number of controls at integration course providers and integration courses in appropriate proportion to the grown integration course system.
49. Effectiveness of the sanctions regime for the integration course system: exchange with the Länder and the Federal Employment Agency on how mandatory bodies can fulfil their obligations more effectively than before and make full use of the existing far-reaching sanctions options.
50. Better course allocation: Ensuring the participation of obligated persons in the integration course by increasing and improving the allocation of participants.
51. Social support of the courses: Evaluation of the pilot project for social support of the integration courses, which offers assistance to participants with trauma and learning difficulties.
52. Integration project funding: Identification of impact models for BAMF integration project funding and development of recommendations for project promoters.
Subjects to immediate extradition must leave our country in a timely manner. The negative conclusion of an asylum procedure must also be the start of the deportation procedure. In addition to voluntary return, we want to achieve more effective enforcement of existing exit obligations. The numbers of voluntary return and repatriation must be significantly increased. Repatriation is primarily the responsibility of the Länder. However, the federal government is prepared to provide much stronger support in the future.
53. Identify and sanction those who refuse to participate more clearly: Creation of a certificate below tolerance for persons obliged to leave the country to whom the obstacles to return are attributable, e.g. in cases of identity concealment; thus facilitating the delimitation of cases with a humanitarian background and sanctioning the group of persons.
54. Clear obligation to obtain passports: State permits and services are subject to the presentation of valid travel documents. Transfer of responsibility for the reasonable procurement of valid travel documents to those affected.
55. Effective against perpetrators and perpetrators:
56. Strengthen voluntary return:
57. Optimizing structures:
58. Preserve the capacity of the rule of law to act:
59. Preventing submersion through deportation detention:
More practical form of deportation detention, including the application procedure through legal changes; thus ensuring the actual tangibility of persons obliged to leave the country and preventing immersion in the event of imminent deportation,
60. Readmission of own citizens by countries of origin:
61. Improving the conditions for the return of dangerous goods in the countries of origin: Dialogue with the judiciary in order to meet the increasing demands of jurisprudence (e.g. diplomatic assurances) in the context of terminating the residence of persons at risk. This facilitates and accelerates repatriations, especially for this group of people.
62. Immediate issue of travel documents: Development of the EU Laissez-Passer procedure. Reduction of enforcement deficits in repatriations through enormous simplification in the procurement of travel documents.
63. Reform of the EU Return Directive, in particular to facilitate deportations.
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