06 August 2018
"The uses of bulk secondary data illustrated in the Bulk Powers Review make no claim to be limited to ascertaining whether an individual is inside or outside the British Islands. The uses go far wider than that."
"There is no statutory definition
of bulk. The Bulk Personal Dataset Factsheet that
was released alongside the original Investigatory Powers Bill
described bulk powers as involving the availability of information
about a wide range of people, most of whom are not of interest
to the security and intelligence agencies.
The closest the Investigatory Powers Act (the Act) comes to defining bulk is contained in Part 7, where BPDs are defined as a set of information that includes personal information relating to a number of individuals where the nature of the set is such that it is likely that the majority of the individuals are not, and are unlikely to become, of interest to the intelligence service.
"Providing some constructive engagement while remaining critical is a difficult line to tread as we are concerned about contributing to the surveillance realism described by academics such as Lina Dencik. Surveillance realism refers to the increasing normalisation of surveillance and its deleterious effects on society, as evidenced in the Cambridge Analytica scandal, which is only the tip of the iceberg. The surveillance activities of the state that IPCO tries to regulate need to be seen in this context."
IPCO takes over the responsibility for oversight of investigatory powers from the Interception of Communications Commissioners Office (IOCCO), the Office of Surveillance Commissioners (OSC) and the Intelligence Services Commissioner (ISComm) in September 2017. IPCO immediately takes over the inspection and audit functions of these bodies and the prior approval function of Surveillance Commissioners relating to intrusive surveillance, property interference and undercover officers by law enforcement.
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