European Parliament study on reintroduction of border controls in the Schengen area 1.7.16

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"This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizen’s Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the LIBE Committee, analyses the Schengen area in the wake of the European ‘refugee crisis’ and other recent developments. With several Member States reintroducing temporary internal border controls over recent months, the study assesses compliance with the Schengen governance framework in this context. Despite suggestions that the end of Schengen is nigh or arguments that there is a need to get ‘back to Schengen’, the research demonstrates that Schengen is alive and well and that border controls have, at least formally, complied with the legal framework. Nonetheless, better monitoring and democratic accountability are necessary."


See: Internal border controls in the Schengen area: is Schengen crisis-proof? (pdf)


  • Introduction
  • Schengen and crises: a brief background
  • Mapping changes in the Schengen governance framework
  • State of play: what does the Schengen Borders Code mean in practice?
  • Is the Schengen evaluation and monitoring mechanism fit for purpose?
  • Conclusions and recommendations


  • Summaries of CJEU case law and the Schengen Borders Code
  • EU large-scale information systems: who has access to what?
  • Analysis of Member State notifiations on the reintroduction of border controls at the internal borders of the Schengen area, September 2015-May 2016
  • Report on stakeholder discussion
  • Developments on the application of Article 29

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