Refugee crisis Commission packages of new measures (6.4.16) 7.4.16


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European Commission: Press releases & Communications: 6 April 2016:


Commission presents options for reforming the Common European Asylum System and developing safe and legal pathways to Europe (Press release, pdf) and Communication: Towards a reform of the Common European Asylum System and enhancing legal avenues to Europe (COM 197, pdf)

Stronger and Smarter Borders in the EU: Commission proposes to establish an Entry-Exit System (Press release, pdf): Communication (COM 194, pdf), Annexes 1-2 (pdf) and Staff Working Document: 114 (pdf)

Regulation: amending Regulation (EU) 2016/399 as regards the use of the Entry/Exit System (COM 196, pdf) and COM 196: Annex 1 (pdf)

Commission launches discussion on future framework for stronger and smarter information systems for border management and internal security (Press release, pdf) Communication: COM 205-16 (pdf) and Smart Borders Package: Questions & Answers (pdf)

Security: EU strengthens response to hybrid threats (pdf): "The European Commission and the High Representative adopted today a Joint Framework to counter hybrid threats and foster the resilience of the EU, its Member States and partner countries while increasing cooperation with NATO on countering these threats. In recent years, the EU and its Member States have been increasingly exposed to hybrid threats that comprise hostile actions designed to destabilise a region or a state."

and see: Joint Framework on countering hybrid threats a European Union response (Commission and EEAS, pdf): Incliudes the need for a "EU Fusion Cell":

"While definitions of hybrid threats vary and need to remain flexible to respond to their evolving nature, the concept aims to capture the mixture of coercive and subversive activity, conventional and unconventional methods (i.e. diplomatic, military, economic, technological), which can be used in a coordinated manner by state or non-state actors to achieve specific objectives while remaining below the threshold of formally declared warfare.... Massive disinformation campaigns, using social media to control the political narrative or to radicalise, recruit and direct proxy actors can be vehicles for hybrid threats.,,,

Hybrid threats aim to exploit a country’s vulnerabilities and often seek to undermine fundamental democratic values and liberties." [emphasis added] Comment: . In the latter objective the EU itself is doing a pretty good job of doing this to itself.

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