Mediterranean: Spain, France, Italy and Portugal: Papers from C4 defence and security conferences

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The 'C4 Coloquim' is an "annual academic collaboration" that that discusses papers from the military studies academies of France (CHEM), Spain (CESEDEN), Italy (CASD) and Portugal (IDN) on the theme of "mutualy trust and stability" in the Mediterannean, described as "the ultimate objective of the C4."

2012's theme was "The consequences of the Arab spring", with papers covering:

  • Illegal immigration
  • Defence cooperation with north African countries
  • Assistance in state building
  • Aid to economic and social development

Final report: C4 2012 theme: Consequences of Arab spring (pdf)

Webpage: XVII Edición de los Coloquios C4 2012 en Paris

2013 looked at "European defence: a challenge and a necessity for security in the Mediterranean", with papers on:

Webpage: XVIII Edición de los Coloquios C4 2013 en Roma

The 2014 conference, held in May, examined "The Mediterannean Southern Frontier: EU Strategies". Papers have not yet been made available.

Webpage: Se celebra la XIX edición de los Coloquios C4 en Madrid

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