28 March 2012
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This proposed EC Directive will harmonize national law on carrier sanctions, and applies to all air, sea and coach carriers (the Member States can be expected to seek to extend it to lorry-drivers as well).
It obliges carriers to return any third-country nationals refused entry at an external border of a Member State, and return them to either the country that issued their travel documents or to "any other state" which guarantees to admit them. The same applies to carriers transporting third-country nationals who are refused entry by the state of destination or refused onward travel by the next 'carrier'. If carriers are unable to return the third-country nationals, they must pay for the transport costs.
The obligations make no exceptions for persons claiming asylum, which will make it harder still for people to leave countries in which they are being persecuted.
The Directive requires member states to impose fines of at least 2000 euro per person on carriers bringing in people who lack the documents or visas for entry.
7 July 2000
Subject: Initiative of the French Republic with a view to the adoption of a Council Directive concerning the harmonisation of financial penalties imposed on carriers transporting into the territory of the Member States third-country nationals not in possession of the documents necessary for admission
COUNCIL DIRECTIVE (EC) Nº /2000
concerning the harmonisation of financial penalties imposed on carriers transporting into the territory of the Member States third-country nationals lacking the documents necessary for admission
THE COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION,
Having regard to the Treaty establishing the European Community, and in particular Articles 61(a) and 63(3)(b) thereof,
Having regard to the initiative of the French Republic [not yet published],
Having regard to the Opinion of the European Parliament [not yet published],
(1) The Treaty establishing the European Community lays down in Articles 61(a) and 63(3)(b) that the Council shall adopt, inter alia, flanking measures relating to the free movement of persons, and, more specifically, to illegal immigration and illegal residence, including repatriation of illegal residents.
(2) In order to combat illegal immigration effectively, it is essential that all the Member States introduce provisions laying down the obligations of carriers transporting foreign nationals into the territory of the Member States. In addition, in order to ensure the full effectiveness of this objective, the financial penalties currently provided for by the Member States should be harmonised by establishing a minimum amount for cases where carriers fail to meet their obligations.
(3) It is essential that the existence of such provisions should not prejudice the exercise of the right to asylum. With this in mind, it is important that Member States should not apply the penalties which they are required to introduce under this Directive if the third-country national is admitted to the territory for asylum purposes.
(4) The freedom of the Member States to retain or introduce additional obligations for carriers should not be affected.
(5) As soon as it decides to reintroduce checks at its borders, under the conditions laid down in Article 2(2) of the Convention implementing the Schengen Agreement of 14 June 1985, signed at Schengen on 19 June 1990, a Member State must be able to implement the provisions of this Directive at its national borders.
(6) This Directive builds on the Schengen acquis, in accordance with the Protocol integrating the Schengen acquis into the framework of the European Union.
HAS ADOPTED THIS DIRECTIVE:
The aim of this Directive is to approximate the legislative, regulatory and administrative provisions of the Member States with regard to the imposition of financial penalties on carriers who fail to meet their obligation to check that third-country nationals whom they transport into the territory of the Member States are in possession of the travel documents and, where appropriate, the visas required by the national or international regulations applicable to them by virtue of their nationality.
For the purposes of this Directive the following definitions shall apply:
"Third-country national" means any person who is not a national of a Member State of the European Community;
"Carrier" means any air or sea carrier, including carriers transporting groups by coach over cross-border international links, with the exception of local border traffic.
1. If a third-country national is refused entry on crossing the external border of one of the Member States, the carrier who brought him by air, sea or land is obliged to take charge of him immediately and return him:
- to the third State which issued the travel document with which he travelled; or
- to any other State where his admission is guaranteed.
2. The measures referred to in paragraph 1 shall also apply when entry is refused to a third-country national in transit if:
- the carrier who was to take him to his country of destination refuses to take him on board; or
- the authorities of the State of destination have refused him entry and have sent him back to the State through which he transited.
3. If the carrier is unable to effect the return of the third-country national in question, he shall be obliged to bear the cost of onward transportation.
Furthermore, if immediate onward transportation is not possible, the carrier shall take charge of the third-country national who has been refused entry.
1. Member States shall provide in their national law for financial penalties to be imposed on carriers bringing into the territory of the Member States third-country nationals who are not in possession of the travel documents and, where appropriate, the visas required by the national or international regulations applicable to them by virtue of their nationality.
2. The penalties referred to in the first paragraph must be dissuasive. The minimum amount of such penalties shall be EUR 2000 for each person carried.
3. Paragraphs 1 and 2 shall not apply if the third-country national is admitted to the territory for asylum purposes.
This Directive shall not prevent Member States from adopting or retaining, for carriers who do not comply with the obligations referred to in Article 1, other measures involving more stringent financial penalties or penalties of another kind such as immobilisation or seizure of the vehicle or temporary suspension or withdrawal of the operating licence.
As soon as it decides to apply the provisions of Article 2(2) of the Convention implementing the Schengen Agreement of 14 June 1985, signed at Schengen on 19 June 1990 (4), a Member State may make the measures adopted under this Directive applicable to the crossing of its internal borders to which that decision applies.
1. Member States shall bring into force the measures necessary to comply with this Directive not later than . They shall forthwith inform the Commission thereof.
2. When Member States adopt these measures, they shall contain a reference to this Directive or shall be accompanied by such reference on the occasion of their official publication. The methods of making such reference shall be laid down by Member States.
3. Member States shall communicate to the Commission the text of the main provisions of national law which they adopt in the field covered by this Directive.
This Directive shall enter into force on the twentieth day following that of its publication in the Official Journal of the European Communities.
This Directive is addressed to the Member States.
Done at Brussels,
For the Council
Source of this document: SEMDOC database
Statewatch European Monitoring and Documentation Centre
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