Access to documents requests

This section contains information access to documents requests made by Statewatch to, or about, Frontex; and the documents released in response to those requests.

Public access to EU documents

Access to documents requests can be made under Regulation (EC) No 1049/2001 regarding public access to European Parliament, Council and Commission documents, particularly article 2, which states:

"(1)Any citizen of the Union, and any natural or legal person residing or having its registered office in a Member State, has a right of access to documents of the institutions, subject to the principles, conditions and limits defined in this Regulation.

(2) The institutions may, subject to the same principles, conditions and limits, grant access to documents to any natural or legal person not residing or not having its registered office in a Member State.

(3) This Regulation shall apply to all documents held by an institution, that is to say, documents drawn up or received by it an in its posession, in all areas of activity of the European Union."

"Document" is defined in the Regulation as:

"any content whatever its medium(written on paper or stored in electronic form or as a sound, visual or audiovisual recording) concerning a matter relating to the policies, activities and decisions falling within the institution's sphere of responsibility."

Exceptions are outlined in article 4, and the process of application in articles 6, 7 and 8.

Access to documents at Frontex

In 2020, Frontex's 'Transparency Office' - the department which processes and responds to these applications - stopped processing requests for access to documents by email. Instead, it forces those requesting access to use its online portal, which has obstructed the process of transparency through technical glitches and communication faults.

Despite a huge expansion in staff and financial resources as a result of the growth of the agency's legal mandate, Frontex has confirmed that "The Transparency Office has no budget allocation as it is made up of existing staff and relies on the entire agency to contribute." The agency has apparently not seen the value in improving its public transparency.

A number of the sub-sections listed below recount the process of the request, to demonstrate the obstacles and delays faced in seeking transparency from Frontex.

For more excellent resources on Frontex documents, we encourage you to visit:

07 September 2021

Uniform and Management Board meetings

Design and specifications for a new Frontex uniform, and agendas of Management Board meetings since September 2019

07 September 2021

Future Group on Travel Intelligence and Border Management

Documents concerning all meetings of the Future Group on Travel Intelligence and Border Management

06 September 2021

Rapid border intervention; Greece 2020

Minutes from the Frontex Management Board meeting approving the Rapid Border Intervention operation to Greece, launched 12 March 2020.

14 January 2021

Training on gathering "human intelligence"

Five-day human intelligence training for 14 Frontex officers.

14 January 2021

Research on AI-based capabilities for Frontex

Documents relating to Frontex contracts for AI-based capabilities research. Please note that we received more documents than displayed, which did not seem useful for public interest. However, please contact us at comms[at] if you are interested to know more.

14 January 2021

Irregular Migration Management Application 2.0

Documents related to a contract between Frontex and GMV Aerospace and Defence S.A.U. for business analysts and IT specialists to redesign parts of the IRMA ("Irregular Migration Management Application") platform. The system is used for internationally coordinating deportations and IRMA 2.0, the target of the contract, will allow Member States to connect their national Return Case Management Systems (RECAMAS) to the central system and "the processes should become simpler, more efficient, more interlinked".

26 June 2020

Training materials and "good practice" for return operations

Basic training for category 1 standing corps on pre-return and return procedures, good practice manuals on the use of force and firearms, training implementation manual and summary of voluntary returns

17 July 2019

Return "pools" of staff; training, competent bodies, and operations

Request for training materials, Management Board Decisions, operational plans and lists of authorised restraints for National Return Operations (NROs) and Joint Return Operations (JROs)

28 September 2018

Working Group on Advance Traveller Information

Documents concerning Frontex's Working Group on Advance Traveller Information. The agency released a number of documents in response to our request, but they were heavily censored, in many cases to the extent of being largely useless.

28 August 2018

Implementing new tasks in the area of return

Documents concerning the adoption and implementation of Frontex's remit concerning deportations, as provided for in the 2016 Regulation.

28 September 2017

Serious Incident Reports, June 2016-June 2017

Over 200 Serious Incident Reports filed by officials deployed on the agency's operations between 1 June 2016 and 1 June 2017.

17 May 2017

Minutes of all Management Board meetings, May 2014-February 2017

Minutes from all the meetings of the Management Board of Frontex held between May 2014 and February 2017, obtained through an access to documents request to Frontex.


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