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crisis in the Med and in the EU
Refugee crisis: France-Germany
Note - mass expulsion to subsistence conditions
- The "return
of asylum seekers (without an assessment on the merits) in order
to discourage illegal, smuggler-driven migration"
- Professor Steve Peers,
University of Essex comments:
plan is that (implicitly) all those entering the EU would be
removed to non-EU countries willing to host them, and kept there
in conditions which minimally guarantee their survival
drafters of this proposal have made no serious attempts to think
through its feasibility; and while they make a show of support
for human rights principles, their plan demonstrates an underlying
contempt for them.".
crisis: latest news from across Europe (18-19.2.17)
Greece: ATIMA: Press
Release: Death of an administratively detained migrant (pdf, link):
tragic occasion of the incident of an Algerian detainee who died
at the Petrou Ralli detention center (Tavros Pre-removal Detention
Center) on 5 February 2017, we would like to note that last October
our organization released the report FORGOTTEN in which we presented
the serious deficiencies of the system for administrative detention
of irregular migrants and asylum seekers in Greece and made specific
recommendations to the competent authorities."
Press release: EU
border agency targeted "isolated or mistreated" individuals
Guidelines produced for border
guards participating in an EU joint operation instruct the targeting
of "migrants from minority ethnic groups, and individuals
who may have been isolated or mistreated during their journey,
as such people are often more willing to talk about their experiences."
Parliament Research Service: Addressing
migration in the European Union (92 pages, 7 MB, pdf): Includes:
and EU policies - The issue of migration, Reform of the Dublin
system, European Union Agency for Asylum, Recast Eurodac Regulation,
Reception of asylum-seekers - recast directive, Common procedure
for asylum, safe countries of origin: Proposed common EU list,
European Border and Coast Guard system and Gender aspects of
migration and asylum in the EU: An overview:
the past two years, the migratory pressure on the European Union's
external borders has led to dealing with migration becoming its
highest priority. After a peak in 2015, the number of irregular
entries into the European Union dropped by more than half in
the second quarter of 2016, compared with the same period in
2015, mainly as a result of the implementation of the EU-Turkey
Statement. However, the number of asylum applications remains
high, with more than 1.2 million asylum applications made in
the EU Member States in 2016. Nonetheless, the EU and its Member
States are adapting to the new reality."
crisis: latest news from across Europe (15-17-.2.17): Italy woos Libyan mayors;
Tunisia to take intercepted migrants; secret EU report on Libyan
state structures; French-Italian "migrant hunt" on
trains, and more.
anti-terrorism powers passed by European Parliament
Parliament voted on Thursday 15 February to approve the controversial
new Directive on combating terrorism, as well as amendments to
the Schengen Borders Code that will mean all EU citizens now
have to be checked against the Schengen Information System, Interpol's
Lost and Stolen Travel Documents database, and "other relevant
databases" whenever they enter or exit the Schengen area.
hunt" on trains between Italy and France violates the law
and human rights
What is legal
in the push-backs carried out directly on trains by French police?
"Basically nothing," says ASGI lawyer Anna Brambilla,
who has long been following the situation at the French-Italian
border: "The problem is a very complex one, and there are
impossible? Secret EU report makes clear problems in rebuilding
With the EU committed
to halting cross-Mediterranean irregular migration, a recent
classified report produced by the EU's Border Assistance Mission
(EUBAM) Libya makes clear the difficulties that lie ahead in
attempting to establish functioning state institutions in the
country, including those willing to comply with European demands
for "integrated border management".
EU: European Data Protection Supervisor (EDPS): Priorities
for providing advice in 2017: The implementation of our advisory
role to the EU legislator (pdf):
identified three areas of strategic importance for this year:
the protection of confidentiality and privacy in electronic communications,
in particular in the context of the ongoing review of the ePrivacy
Contributing to a Security Union and stronger borders
based on respect for fundamental rights, including the proposals
on ETIAS, the revision of SISII and ECRIS, as well as the issue
of interoperability between these systems.
Towards a new legal framework for the EDPS: the proposal
for a new Regulation on data protection EU institutions, bodies,
offices and agencies."
And see: Annex (pdf)
Parliament debates on binding anti-terrorism measures (New Europe, link):
"The proposals have already taken the national ministers
approval the European Councils trilogue procedure and await
their final ratification by the European legislators."
See Statewatch: Directive
on combating terrorism (link)
wants "human intelligence" sources, Europol wants "integrated
fingerprints and face recognition searches"
EU agencies Frontex
(dealing with border control and returns) and Europol (dealing
with police cooperation) have published documents setting out
their plans for the coming years. The Frontex 'Programming Document'
covers the period 2018-20 and includes a proposal to develop
"human intelligence" (HUMINT) sources; Europol's equivalent
covers 2017-19, including the agency's work programme for 2017,
and states an intention to "deliver feasibility analysis
on a concept of integrated fingerprints and face recognition
shows Libyan coastguard whipping rescued migrants (The Times, link):
coastguard officers have been accused of regularly whipping and
beating the migrants they rescue, and threatening even to kill
them and the claims are backed up by video footage shown
to The Times.
At The Royal Wedding? Protester Arrests And The Right To Liberty (RightsInfo, link):
day of the Royal Wedding in April 2011, police arrested several
people in central London, some who were dressed as zombies...
The Supreme Court decided, in this case, to throw out the appeal.
While they acknowledged people should be protected from arbitrary
detention, they said this shouldnt make it impractical
for the police to do their job."
See: the judgment:
(on the application of Hicks and others) (Appellants) v Commissioner
of Police for the Metropolis (Respondent) ( UKSC 9, pdf); Supreme
Court press summary (pdf) and background: Arrests,
raids and wedding parades (Statewatch
Journal, vol 21 no 2, April-June 2011)
Statewatch Analysis: Opaque and
unaccountable: Frontex Operation Hera (pdf) by Vera Wriedt and Darius Reinhardt
(European Center for Constitutional and Human Rights, ECCHR):
the partial concealment of border enforcement procedures underlines
the inherent structural accountability and transparency deficits
of Frontex specifically and EU agencies in general. Frontex redacted
significant parts of the documents provided, including information
on potential human rights violations. The provided documents
do not give information on the methodologies of the operation
in order to ascertain whether Frontex and the involved member
states violate national, European and international human rights
crisis: latest news from across Europe (14.2.17)
European Parliament Study: Counter-terrorism
cooperation with the Southern Neighbourhood (pdf):
the EU adopted its Counter-Terrorism Strategy in 2005, it has
focused on forging closer ties with third countries in the fight
against terrorism. Cooperation with the Southern Neighbourhood
in this field is particularly important. Every single country
within this region is affected by terrorism to different degrees
and terrorist attacks on European soil are increasingly linked
with the Middle East and North Africa."
and Home Affairs after Brexit
Overall the UK
has already indicated in statements to the House of Commons and
this Briefing says:
UK Government has already made it clear that strong security
cooperation with the European Union will be one of its four overarching
objectives in forthcoming negotiations3. In that respect, the
area of Justice, Home Affairs will be a key component of both
the withdrawal agreement and the future EU-UK relationship agreement."
It could be that
in the fields of Justice and Home Affairs cooperation, criminal
law and operations and counter terrorism, plus areas of internal
and external security special provisions will be made for the
UK's continued participation.
crisis: latest news from across Europe (11-13.2.17)
EU: Council of the European Union: Registering ID to combat
Questionnaire on Issues related to Registration of Identity (Doc no: 5633-17, pdf): Uniform registering
of personal IDs:
will find attached a questionnaire suggested by the services
of the Commission on issues related to Registration of Identity
in the context of the follow-up to the Commission's Communication
on an Action Plan to strengthen the European response to travel
document fraud (COM(2016) 790 final)."
And see: Commission
accused of 'full-frontal attack' on whistleblowers (Guardian, link)
follows plans to radically increase prison terms for revealing
state secrets and to prosecute journalists...
from the governments legal advisers say the maximum prison
sentence for leakers should be raised, potentially from two to
14 years, and the definition of espionage should be expanded
to include obtaining sensitive information, as well as passing
Espionage Act could jail journos and whistleblowers as spies (The Register, link)
See: Law Commission:
of Official Data: A Consultation Paper (pdf)
for researchers: Statewatch Analyses: 1999-ongoing
Borderline: The EU's New Border Surveillance Initiatives:
Assessing the Costs and Fundamental Rights Implications of EUROSUR
and the "Smart Borders" Proposals (pdf) A study by the
Heinrich Böll Foundation. Written by Dr. Ben Hayes and Mathias
Vermeulen: "Unable to tackle the root of the problem,
the member states are upgrading the Unions external borders.
Such a highly parochial approach taken to a massive scale threatens
some of the EUs fundamental values - under the pretence
that ones own interests are at stake. Such an approach
borders on the inhumane."
How the EU works and justice and home
affairs decision-making (pdf)
20th Anniversary Conference, June 2011: Statewatch
'policy laundering' and the FATF - legalising surveillance, regulating
(pdf) by Ben Hayes
to EU decision-making and justice and home affairs after the
(pdf) by Steve Peers, Professor of Law, University of Essex,
with additional material by Tony Bunyan
Neoconopticon: the EU security-industrial
(pdf) by Ben Hayes
The Shape of Things to Come (pdf) by Tony Bunyan
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