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Report: Europe in a Changing Global Order: Militarization and the New EU Global Strategy for Security and Defence
21.11.17
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"The new Global Strategy for the European Union’s Security and Defence Policy presented in June 2016 by the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy and Vice-President of the Commission Federica Mogherini, followed by the NATO Summit in Warsaw in July of the same year, come at a moment of high uncertainty and radical change in the international system. Traditional alliances are being questioned and both national and regional political and economic interests are taking shape along emerging fault lines, while new strategic perspectives are being outlined on various fronts.

In this context, the idea of the return of “cosmopolitics” in Europe emerge as one of the most overbearing themes in the current debate. European security and defence have been once again put on the political agenda as priority issues. Mogherini’s Global Strategy, while pledging for a stronger and more independent European Union “as a global security provider”, stressed that the EU has now “to cope with super-powers as well as with increasingly fractured identities” and, in doing so, it cannot be alone. For this reason, the new strategy, as well as a Joint Declaration by Donald Tusk, Jean-Claude Junker and NATO’s Secretary General, solemnly asserts the need of a strengthened cooperation and interdependence between the EU and NATO – and that, in both operational and ideological terms.

...this preliminary work will try to capture some of the essential elements characterising the key issues of security and defence at the European level in the aftermath of the new EU Global Strategy and its implementation. Moving from some preliminary considerations about the above mentioned strategy as well as the NATO Warsaw Summit implications for EU-NATO relations, it will provide a brief description of the Common Security and Defence Policy decision-making process and its main actors. A special chapter will be dedicated to an overview of the military structure of the EU, in an attempt to give a glance at this extremely complex interconnection of agencies and body, see how they work and understand the level of interconnection with the EU institutions and the Member States.

Two final sections aim to portray the European Union in the changing global context by framing the current debate on the new EU Global Strategy within a broader picture where multiple variables, events and actors play an important role in defining the Union and its role in the world."

See: Europe in a Changing Global Order: Militarization and the New EU Global Strategy for Security and Defence (transform! europe, link) by Alessandra Giannessi, 15 November 2017.

And see the EU's 'Global Strategy' here: EU says "soft power is not enough" as German and French ministers call for "European Security Compact" (Statewatch News Online, 6 July 2016)

Europe in a Changing Global Order: Contents

1. BRIEF CONTEXTUALISATION – THE EUROPEAN CFSP AND CSDP THROUGH THE INTEGRATION PROCESS UNTIL THE PRESENT DAY

2. CFSP AND CSDP TODAY: THE RETURN OF COSMOPOLITICS IN EUROPE AND THE PRESSURE FOR A STRONGER EUROPEAN DEFENCE

3. THE DECISION-MAKING PROCESS IN SECURITY AND DEFENCE POLICY: BUILDING A STRATEGY

4. THE MILITARY COMPOSITION OF THE EUROPEAN UNION. CSDP STRUCTURE, INSTRUMENTS AND AGENCIES

5. DIFFICULTIES IN ANALYSING THE PROCESS AND INTERPRETING THE OUTCOMES – HOW PREFERENCES ARE MADE?

6. POLITICAL CONFUSION, GLOBAL CONTEXT AND INTERNATIONAL ORDER

7. OTHER RELEVANT ISSUES IN THE DEBATE ON EUROPEAN SECURITY: BREXIT, TRUMP, AND RUSSIA

8. CONCLUSIONS AND FINAL REMARKS

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