25 October 2021
Europol and Frontex have produced a joint report on the "digitalisation of migrant smuggling", intended to provide state officials with in the EU and Western Balkans "with a comprehensive intelligence picture on the use of digital tools and services' [sic] in migrant smuggling and related document fraud, in order to raise awareness, consolidate existing knowledge and enforce opportunities to take appropriate measures to tackle emerging threats."
See: Digitalisation of migrant smuggling (contained in Council doc. 12353/21, LIMITE, 29 September 2021, pdf)
Contents of the report
Introduction, background and scope
Migrant smuggling in the digital era
Advertisement and recruitment
Communication and instructions
Guidance via mapping apps
Supporting criminal services: Document fraud
Digital leads into migrant smuggling
Impact of migrant smuggling digitalisation
Challenges and intelligence gaps
Annex I: Overview of applications and platforms identified in connection to migrant smuggling
Annex II: Recommendations for handling seized mobile communication devices
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