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Frontex, was established by EU Regulation 2004/2007. As the importance and the involvement of the Agency grew, limits to the initial mandate were identified, including too heavy a reliance on Member States' technical contributions and the need for stronger human rights safeguards especially with respect to operations at sea. Regulation 2004/2007 was therefore amended by Regulation 1168/2011. Note that the decision of the European Court of Justice regarding the legality of Council Decision supplementing the Schengen Borders Code is still pending (the Decision remains in force though, until the Court gives its opinion on that matter).

19/02/2014Management Board Decision No 3/2014 of 19 February 2014 adopting practical arrangements regarding public access to the documents of the European Agency for the Management of Operational Cooperation at the External Borders of the Member States of the European Union (Frontex)
30/04/2014Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing rules for the surveillance of the external sea borders in the context of operational cooperation coordinated by the European Agency for the Management of Operational Cooperation at the External Borders of the Member States of the European Union (pdf)

This legislation has faced significant criticism. See: Ska Keller (Green MEP), 'New rules on Frontex operations at sea', April 2014; Frontexit, 'Regulation on the maritime surveillance by Frontex: lives in danger at the external borders of Europe', 14 April 2014; Steve Peers, 'New EU rules on maritime surveillance: will they stop the deaths and push-backs in the Mediterranean?', Statewatch Analysis, February 2014
05/09/2012 Judgment of the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice annuling Council Decision 2010/252/EC supplementing the Schengen Borders Code during surveillance operations coordinated by Frontex at the sea external borders (pdf)
22/11/2011 REGULATION (EU) No 1168/2011 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 25 October 2011 amending Council Regulation (EC) No 2007/2004 establishing a European Agency for the Management of Operational Cooperation at the External Borders of the Member States of the European Union
and Full-text of Regulation as amended: The Frontex Regulation – Consolidated text after 2011 amendments (33 pages, pdf) by Steve Peers, Professor of Law, University of Essex
16/04/2010 Council decision 2010/252/EU supplementing the Schengen Borders Code as regards the surveillance of the sea external borders in the context of operational cooperation coordinated by the European Agency for the Management of Operational Cooperation at the External Borders of the Member States of the European Union
(Note: the legality of the procedure followed by the Council to adopt this decision has been challenged by the European Parliament before the European Court of Justice. The case is still pending)
22/02/2010 Council of the European Union: New JHA working structures: Abolition of CIREFI and transfer of its activities to Frontex and the Working Party on Frontiers, 6504/10
11/07/2007 Regulation (EC) No 863/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 July 2007 establishing a mechanism for the creation of Rapid Border Intervention Teams and amending Council Regulation (EC) No 2007/2004 as regards that mechanism and regulating the tasks and powers of guest officers
25/11/2004 Council Regulation (EC) No 2007/2004 of 26 October 2004 establishing a European Agency for the Management of Operational Cooperation at the External Borders of the Member States of the European Union
30/05/2002 Council of the European Union: Feasibility study for the setting up of the "European Border Police" - final report (Odysseus Programme)
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