for the homeless approved
The interior ministry published
a decree on 6 July 2010 to establish a nationwide "anagrafe"
(residents' register) for homeless people, which had been envisaged
in law 94/2009 on public security, also known as the "security
package", whose art. 3 point 39 provides for "establishing
a purpose-made national register for people who do not have a
fixed residence". The demographic services directorate of
the department for internal and territorial matters within the
ministry will be responsible for running it and will have access
with a search function for "maintenance and updating purposes".
It will carry fields concerning the registered position of homeless
people. Town councils will have to load available data into the
password-protected system by 30 September 2010, including data
normally included in the "anagrafe" records, such as
their name, surname, tax code, date and place of birth, place
where their residence was last registered. The final field in
the database entries will be reserved for the homeless, and when
it is ticked and the user clicks the "load" (carica)
icon, an entry will automatically be loaded in the homeless people's
register. Their status as homeless people may be amended once
the situation changes, and the database will be searchable, by
name, surname and using their tax code [which every citizen is
issued at birth].
After ordering that Roma people living in makeshift camps be
identified in 2008, at least in Rome, Milan and Naples, the interior
ministry is now proceeding to create a register of another group
of "undesirables", homeless people. Like the previous
measure, it is not a measure that arose out of concerns for their
needs, but rather, it became a priority after a violent ordeal
involving sexual violence suffered in Rome by a Dutch woman and
her partner at the hands of two homeless Romanians in the summer
of 2008, leading mayor Gianni Alemanno to call for the census
that was being carried out for Roma people living in illegal
camps to be extended to homeless people and those who live at
the margins of legality.
The measure was included in the security law that was approved
in July 2009. Hence, in both cases, the measures are announced
with a clear emphasis on "security". It is likely that
if criticism surfaces, justifications based on the need for the
people in question to be protected or assisted will be voiced
(as happened in relation to Roma children when the measures on
Roma people were criticised as discriminatory), although the
measures are introduced by the interior ministry for "security"
purposes rather than by the ministry for social affairs.
Legge 15 luglio 2009, n. 94, "Disposizioni
in materia di sicurezza pubblica" [pdf]
Ministero dell'interno, Decreto 6 luglio 2010, "Modalità
di funzionamento del registro delle persone senza fissa dimora"
dell'interno, Dipartimento per gli Affari Interni e Territoriali,
circolare n. 22,
Il Messaggero, 24.8.2008; Alleanza Nazionale website, "Censimento
per i senza fissa dimora"
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